NIH – Open access policy and funds

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Current Policy

  • U.S. NIH (National Institutes of Health) requires final peer-reviewed manuscripts to be deposited in PubMed Central at acceptance and made openly available within 12 months of publication.
  • Comprehensive NIH OA Policy FAQ available here.  
  • Find out more about NIH Public Access Policy.
  • For non-competing continuation grant awards with a start date since 1 July 2013: NIH will delay processing of an award if publications arising from it are not in compliance with the NIH public access policy.
  • Statement on Article Publication Resulting from NIH Funded Research: ‘To protect the credibility of published research, authors are encouraged to publish papers arising from NIH-funded research in reputable journals.’
  • Separate National Cancer Institute ‘Cancer Moonshot’ public access (OA) policy: ‘Publications will be made publicly available immediately without any embargo period’ and CC BY licence.

What to do at Oxford

  • Acknowledge your funder in your submission
  • Submit to PMC within 12 months of publication date, taking into account publisher permissions.  Read more here.  Identify your submission method here.
  • Where publishers’ licensing or copyright arrangements (eg. embargo periods) do not permit you to deposit the accepted manuscript (or author-submitted version) in PubMed Central within 12 months, you will need to pay for immediate open access (i.e. go ‘gold’ to achieve compliance).  
  • The NIH will reimburse publication costs, including author fees, for grants and contracts on three conditions: (1) such costs incurred are actual, allowable, and reasonable to advance the objectives of the award; (2) costs are charged consistently regardless of the source of support; (3) all other applicable rules on allowability of costs are met.
  • Please also Act on Acceptance and deposit a copy of your accepted manuscript in ORA at the time of article acceptance.
  • The SHERPA/RoMEO website provides details of publishers’ embargoes and deposit requirements. SHERPA/JULIET gives details of funders’ requirements.