What is a DOI?A DOI is intended to be a persistent, unique identifier for digital objects such as journal articles or datasets, to enable the item to be found and cited. The DOI system is managed by the International DOI Foundation. DOIs can be incorporated into URLs so that users can always access the digital content, even if it has moved online location. Publishers use DOIs to identify articles, e.g. the DOI 10.1177/1355819614531565 corresponds to the article:
Locock, Louise, et al. “Using a national archive of patient experience narratives to promote local patient-centered quality improvement: an ethnographic process evaluation of ‘accelerated’experience-based co-design.” Journal of health services research & policy 19.4 (2014): 200-207.
Permission for an institution such as Oxford to “mint” and assign DOIs has to be approved by a DOI Registration Agency.
Where do I find them?“The DOI system does not provide a central search capability across all DOI names, but most web search engines will show DOI names in the results of a search by title, by name, or by topic or related terms.” – (from http://www.doi.org/faq.html). It is also possible to use services such as CrossRef to search for the DOI of a specific article or dataset. Similarly, DOIs can be found in the “Identifiers” section of the Bibliographic Details of records in ORA, and will usually be listed in an article’s metadata on publishers’ websites.
What is the advantage of having a DOI?Giving your data or article a DOI:
- means that usage of your data/article can be followed as others use and cite it.
- makes the data/article uniquely identifiable.
- means you will always be identified as the creator of the cited data/article.
- means your data/article can always be located with a simple web search.
How do I get one?
Datasets deposited in ORA-Data will automatically be assigned a DOI by the Bodleian Libraries.The Bodleian Libraries hold a contract on behalf of the University that permits the Libraries to assign DOIs to Oxford research data items. Bodleian Libraries cannot assign DOIs to datasets stored in repositories not controlled by the University of Oxford.
For journal articles, DOIs are normally created at the point of publication by a DOI Registration Agency such as CrossRef. The University of Oxford and Bodleian Libraries do not assign DOIs to articles. The Libraries are not permitted to assign DOIs to ‘book-like’ publications such as articles or books.
For more information on using DOIs at the University of Oxford, please visit http://www.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/about-us/policies/doi.