“On 4 September 2018, 11 national research funding organisations, with the support of the European Commission and the European Research Council (ERC), announced the launch of cOAlition S, an initiative to make full and immediate Open Access to research publications a reality.” It is built around Plan S, which consists of one target and 10 principles. Plan S comprises a Preamble and the Principles.
Signatories include UKRI (see note b) below). We understand that more organisations are in discussion about signing, including charitable foundations, and non-European organisations.
Information and actions for Oxford University
a) Wait on further information. Oxford OA Steering Group recommends that all funding recipients await outcomes of the expected Plan S implementation plan before making any decisions. Clarity is required on all points. Further information will be circulated by the Oxford OA Steering Group once details are available.
b) Plan S is not REF 2021. Although UKRI is a signatory to Plan S, Research England has stated that OA policy for REF 2021 will not change. A UKRI press release states “This ambition [Plan S] provides the groundwork for UKRI’s forthcoming review which will consider the implementation issues, taking advice from all stakeholders.”
c) Plan S is likely to influence future iterations of RCUK OA policy. RCUK OA Block grants will continue to March 2020. Preliminary findings of the UKRI OA review are expected Autumn 2019.
d) Plan S applies to all disciplines. The term ‘science’ is used as adopted in Europe in its sense “knowledge or understanding acquired by study; acquaintance with or mastery of any branch of learning” [OED], and which includes social sciences and humanities as well as ‘the sciences.’
For more information contact firstname.lastname@example.org (Head of Scholarly Communications & Research Data Management, Bodleian Libraries).
Key points of the principles
1. Date for implementation aimed for 1 January 2020.
2. Plan-S is a set of principles. Individual funders must now work out how to implement them. The aim is to have a detailed implementation plan by the end of the year including a robust policy.
3. Plan S applies to all disciplines. The term ‘science’ includes the humanities.
4. Access to research publications that are generated through research grants must be fully and immediately open.
5. Researchers must retain their copyright.
6. All publications must be published under an open license.
7. We understand zero embargo ‘green’ OA will be compliant with Plan-S.
8. Article Processing Charges (APCs) will be capped (details to be included in the implementation plan (see 2 above).
9. Applies to all types of scholarly publications, but the timeline to achieve Open Access for monographs and books may be longer.
10. The ‘hybrid’ model of publishing is not compliant, however transformative OA models will be tolerated for an unspecified ‘short’ period.
11. Commitment to revise the academic reward and incentive system (primarily JIF) using DORA (Declaration On Research Assessment) to which Oxford is a signatory, as a starting point.
UKRI press release 4th September 2018: https://www.ukri.org/news/uk-research-and-innovation-joins-europe-wide-ambition-on-open-access/ .
JIF – Journal Impact Factor.